文章摘要
李建美,徐丽娟,齐汝霞.济宁市某社区居民用药知识与行为调查[J].济宁医学院学报,2017,40(6):450-452,456
济宁市某社区居民用药知识与行为调查
Survey on drug use related knowledge and behaviors among urban residents in a community of Jining City
投稿时间:2017-10-09  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2017.06.016
中文关键词: 社区居民;用药知识;用药行为;调查
英文关键词: Community residents;Medication knowledge;Medication behavior;Investigation
基金项目:济宁医学院大学生创新训练项目(cx2017033);济宁医学院大学生指导资助项目
作者单位E-mail
李建美 济宁医学院基础医学院, 济宁 272067  
徐丽娟 金乡县人民医院, 金乡 272200  
齐汝霞 济宁医学院基础医学院, 济宁 272067 22561053@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解济宁市某社区居民用药知识和行为现状,为开展居民合理用药行为干预提供基础资料。方法 采用简单随机抽样方法,抽取15~49岁济宁市某社区居民380名进行用药知识和行为问卷调查。结果 济宁市某社区居民7项用药知识总知晓率为69.4%,其中“不同服药时间是否影响药物疗效”知晓率最高,为78.4%,而“抗生素能否用于病毒引起的感染”知晓率最低,为60.4%;不同文化程度居民对“长期应用抗生素是否可以引起新感染”、“每天服药三次是否等于三餐时间”与“抗生素能否用于病毒引起的感染”知晓差异具有统计学意义(P < 0.05);不同职业居民对7项用药知识知晓差异均具有统计学意义(P < 0.05);不同性别居民“购买非处方药时是否需要开具处方”、“长期应用抗生素是否可以引起新感染”知晓差异具有统计学意义(P < 0.05);该社区居民还存在不良的用药行为,其中漏服药物和擅自增减的现象比较常见,发生率最高;不同性别不良用药行为比较差异不具有统计学意义(P > 0.05)。结论 社区居民用药知识水平仍有提升空间,用药行为令人堪忧,需加强社区居民药物知识的教育,提高安全用药意识。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate drug use related knowledge and behaviors among urban residents in a community of Jining city,and provide the reference for drug use behavior intervention.Methods Questionnaire survey was conducted among 380 community residents aged 15 to 49 years.Results The total correct answer rate of seven drug use knowledge in a community resident of Jining was 69.4%,and the correct answer rate related to whether the time of different drug use affects drug effect was the highest,which was 78.4%.While the lowest awareness rate was the use of antibiotics for virus infection which was 60.4%.The difference of different culture degrees of residents' correct answer rate related to whether long term use of antibiotics can cause new infection,whether three times a day is equal to the time of three meals or whether antibiotics be used for the infection caused by the virus was statistically significant (P<0.05).The differences in awareness of seven problems by different occupations were statistically significant (P<0.05).There was significant difference between women and men in the correct answer rate related to whether you need prescribe a prescription when you buy an over-the-counter medicine and whether long term use of antibiotics can cause new infection (P<0.05).Community residents also had bad use of drug behavior.Among them,the incidence of missed medication and unauthorized increase or decrease was most error-prone.There was no significant difference in the behavior of adverse drug use between men and women(P>0.05).Conclusion There is still room of improvement for the medication knowledge of community residents,and the behavior of medication use is worth serious consideration.The education for the medication knowledge of community residents need to be strengthened,and the awareness of medication use need to be improved.
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